Enrico Bernard, Mariana Delgado-Jaramillo, Ricardo B. Machado, and Ludmilla M. S. Aguiar
Brazil is a continental-sized country that harbors at least 93 species of phyllostomids. Although large tracts of its original vegetation cover are still preserved, some of the Brazilian biomes are under severe human pressure. In this chapter, we identify and discuss major pressures and threats affecting the protection of Brazilian phyllostomids. By using species distribution modelling and GIS techniques, we estimate the impact of land conversion on some species and discuss possible future scenarios. We also identify priority areas for bat conservation in the country, as well as challenges and opportunities that must be pursued to guarantee the protection for most of Brazil’s phyllostomids.